How Many Vegetables

  • How many fresh vegetables do you regularly use?
  • How may frozen vegetables do you use?


  1. Onion
  2. Celery
  3. Carrot
  4. Cucumber
  5. Tomato
  6. Zuchini
  7. Lettuce
  8. Spinach
  9. Brocolli

I buy these every week. They are always in my refrigerator. They are used in everday recipes. Vegetables are primarily used for flavor. They make the base of soups (vegetable soup, tomato soup, split pea soup) and sauces (marinara sauce). Sometimes feature vegetable side dishes (steamed spinach, Chinese stir fry vegetables). Sometimes salads.


  1. Beet
  2. Cabbage
  3. Cauliflower
  4. Pumpkin-Squash

I buy these every couple of weeks for specific recipes (sauerkraut, root salad, white sauce, pumpkin squares).


  1. Peas
  2. Corn

Keep these on hand for soups, stews, flavored rice and fillings (vegetable soup, Spanish or Mexican rice, tamale filling, samosa filling).

Starchy Vegetables

  • Potato
  • Sweet Potato

These are moderate energy staple foods, principally starch. I don’t consider them vegetables because of their use as staple foods.



Know your chilis. Chilis are foundational to Mexican foods. But have been adopted in many other cuisines, particularly Asian cuisines like Indian, Chinese and Japanese. All chilis come from wild ancestors in America, particularly central Mexico. Bell peppers are actually the mildest of chilis, and dried ground red bell peppers as paprika have been adopted in Middle Eastern, African and European cuisines like Spanish, Turkish and Hungarian. The English word for paprika comes from Hungarian. The Spanish call it pimenton. Before chilis, black pepper, originally from India, was the primary spice for adding heat. That’s why English chilis are called peppers. Chilis are one of the many culinary gifts of Mexico to world cuisine. How many chili types do you know and use? These are 10 common chilis that I use all the time.


  • Pimenton (used as vegetabe for color and flavor, not heat)
  • Poblano (used as mildly spicy vegetable in Mexican vegetable dishes)
  • Jalapeno (used in mild salsas)
  • Serrano (used in spicy salsa)
  • Habanero (used in hot sauces)


  • Ancho (poblano)
  • Guajillo (key ingredient in enchilada sauce)
  • Meco Chipotle (extra smoked jalapeno, brown)
  • Morita Chipotle (smoked jalapeno, key ingredient in adobo sauce, dark red)
  • Arbol (used to add heat without much flavor in Asian dishes)


  • Besides fresh and cooked salsa for chips and tacos.
  • Key ingredient in Mexican sauces like enchilada and adobo sauces.
  • Mix and match to make your own chili powder, or chili paste.

If you don’t live in Mexico, you can find these in Mexican groceries, or order online.

Tastes Better

7 Reasons WFPB Tastes Better

  • Fresh local ingredients. Best ingredients. Know how to pick and chose for ripeness and flavor.
  • From scratch. Know what’s in and what’s out.
  • Whole foods. More complex flavors.
  • Time. Slow cooking. Develops flavors. Fermentation, etc.
  • Aromatics and vegetables. Vegetables are base of flavor. Know way more about vegetables now.
  • Herbs and spices. Depth of flavors. Know way more about spices now.
  • Aligns with personal tastes.

Made choice to make WFPB taste better than previous SAD (gourment junk). Invest time and effort into research and practice kitchen skills. Search, record, adapt and adjust recipes. Cook 3 meals a day from scratch, 1,000 meals a year, for more than a decade. Only so much taste range in biology of human nature. But amazing taste for good food. More enjoyment from food. Depth of experience of ingredients, recipes and health.

Spanish Vocabulary

  • Must be fun to be sustainable.
  • Expect learning language to take years. Not months.

Language Parts

  • Vocabulary. Common words (depth).
  • Grammar. Complete sentences (accuracy).
  • Fluency: Speed, pause, memory (speed).
  • Accent: Pronunciation (clarity).

Vocabulary is one part of language learning.

Babies and Kids

  • 2 years: 300 words (vacation)
  • 3 years: 1,000 words (flashcards)
  • 4 years: 2,000 words (Duolingo: 2,000-5,000 words, A2 speaking)
  • 5 years: 5,000+ words (no frustration, B2)

It takes kids years, not months, to learn their mother tongue. Why should it be different for adults? Vocabulary learning is continual, occurs at every level, using every tool.


  • Native speakers 20,000-35,000 words (C2)

My Vocabulary

  • My Spanish Vocabulary is probably ~15-20k words. With different tests I’ve achieved 5,000, 17,000 and 20,000 words.
  • I’m watching TV series and reading novels in Spanish.
  • Comprehension reminds me of grade school, when learning to read, and I didn’t always know every word.
  • I don’t stop to look up words, unless they are reapeated, and seem important.

Vocabulary Tests

17 Minute Languages

  • Good for beginners. Not very good for repeat tests.
  • Type of test: Yes-No Spanish (honor system). Basic, Intermediate and Advanced words.
  • My vocabulary: 5k words. Suggest C2, but suspect that’s an exageration.
  • Javier’s (8yrs) Spanish: 4,400 words
  • Violet’s (9yrs) Spanish: 3,800 words



  • Difficult test for beginners.
  • Type of test: Synonyms and antonyms. Spanish to spanish multiple choice. More uncommon and rare words.
  • My Spanish vocabulary: 17k words. Top 8%. “Professional white collar level”.
  • My English 30k words. Top 0.25%. “Shakespeare”. (Average US 20k)
  • Javier’s (8yrs) Spanish: 3,522, Last 39.35%, “Your vocabulary size is like that of a 4-year-old kid in Spain!”

Basque Center on Cognition Brain and Language (Spanish) and Ghent University (English)

  • (Spanish) and (English)
  • Difficult test for beginners. Good for repeat tests. New words each time.
  • Type of test: Real or fake words. Don’t guess yes. Wrong yes answers punished. Requires keyboard.
  • My Spanish vocabulary: 20,000 words. (36% of 60,000 words. Not as bad as it seems. 60,000 * 1/3 = 20,000 words) “Este es el nivel de una persona no nativa con un nivel alto.”
  • My English vocabulary: 45,000 words (76% of 60,000 words. Not as bad as it seems. 60,000 * 3/4 = 45,000 words) “This is a high level for a native speaker.”

Adults are better test takers than kids. We understand much better the rules and psychology of tests.

Food Causes Noncommunicable Diseases

  • For many people, the cause of noncommunicable diseases is a mystery.
  • Assume future discovery or medical breakthrough.


  • Cause already known. But not integrated into science and medicine.
  • Knowledge and practice is fragmented and uneven.
  • Reversal already practiced by small minority.


  • Food dominates all causes. Proven reversal with food alone.
  • Multiple diseases reversed with common food.
  • Diseases share common biological mechanisms and pathways.
  • Small growing minority of clinics offer successful dietary interventions.
  • Small changes slow disease. Large changes stop or reverse.

Science of Reversal

  • Cardiovascular: Ornish (RCT) and Esselstyn (study)
  • Cancer: Ornish (RCT) and T Colin Campbell (lab)
  • Diabetes: Barnard (RCT)

Work of last 40 years. These people should recieve Nobel Prize. Commonly people have more than one condition and medication. Most common diseases and risk factors caused and reversed by food.


Dean Ornish, International Journal of Disease Reversal and Prevention, 2022

A New Unified Theory of Lifestyle Medicine

  • Full references
  • Requires account (free).

Dean Ornish, Plantrician Project

Unifying Theory on Lifestyle Medicine

  • Video for professional audience.

Noncommunicable Disease Top Killer

  • Almost 75% of deaths globally. Not even close.
  • 0.4B in past decade, 41M per year.
  • Has been last 25 years. Billions.

Noncommunicable diseases have been top killers in Industrial countries for last 150+ years: UK, US, Germany, France, Canada, Australia, etc. What is new is developing countries last 25 years: Mexico, India, Brazil, etc. Infectious disease and malnutrition are receding as issues.

Not viral respiratory disease, fatal only when underlying noncommunicable disease (99.1%).


WHO: Noncommunicable Diseases

  • 41M deaths per year, 74% of all deaths globally.
  • Cardiovascular, cancer, chronic respiratory, diabetes (over 80% of total)
  • Diet, exercise, tobacco and alcohol (pleasure trap)
  • Noncommunicable disease = chronic disease (vs communicable disease = germ)

Food Top Killer

  • The most important article I will ever write.
  • We all know someone who died. Often multiple someones.
  • 0.5 billion preventable deaths worldwide in last decade.
  • Can almost everyone be wrong?

Food Top Killer

  • Food is top killer worldwide.
  • Noncommunicable disease is top killer worldwide. True.
  • Food is cause of noncommunicable diseases. True.
  • Is this true?
  • How is this possible?

World Without Disease

What if we eliminated chronic diseases?

Our kids might read of heart attacks, strokes, cancer and diabetes in history books. Diseases the occured in the twenty-first century, but have since disappeared after the discovery of their cause. Just like earlier nineteenth century diseases pellagra, beriberi and scurvy.

Cardiology and oncology wards would be empty. Most people will be attractive. Obesity, cavities, acne and baldness will disappear. Populations will grow, with longer childhoods, increased fitness and fertility, less suffering and longer life. Food will be cheap and abundant, as farms grow less fodder and more produce. Gluttony will be treated like drug addiction. Hospitals and doctors will focus on emergency medicine.

Just like earlier nineteenth century nutritional diseases, the cause has already been discovered. Most of society holds on to outdated ideas. The new ideas filter and are integrated and accepted and integrated slowly. Some will never accept the new ideas. But the benefits to the new generations are too great.

Learn Spanish

Learn any language. Just practice. No hacks.


  1. Flashcards (app)
  2. Duolingo (app)
  3. TV Shows (streaming)

Waste of Time

  • Classroom Spanish (traditional)

Did not learn Spanish in 3 months. Takes years. Currently watching and following TV shows in Spanish. Practice listening. Become familiar with frequent words, phrases, expressions and slang. Hundreds of hours. Thousands of hours. Not frustrated any more. Can have conversation. Can talk on telephone. Native speakers still much better. Can not write easily. Little writing practice. Can not read literature easily. Literature often works by using uncommon words.

Language Levels

  1. Beginner: basic conversation (frustration) flashcards, Duolingo, toddler books
  2. Intermediate: fluent conversation (without frustration), TV shows and movies
  3. Advanced: Group conversation, deep conversation, humor, writing

Darwin A Scientist?

Was Charles Darwin Scientist?

  • Observations only.
  • No experiments, except some pigeons.
  • No randomized controlled trials.
  • Natural and sexual selection in biology.
  • Evolutionary psychology.

Darwin is one of my favorite authors.

  • Voyage of the Beagle, 1839, is a very readable adventure.
  • Origin of Species, 1859 (natural selection)
  • Descent of Man, 1871 (sexual selection)
  • Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, 1872 (evolutionary psychology)